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The active population in figures

201820192020
Labor force 23,065,83623,227,68322,799,921

Font: International Labour Organization, ILOSTAT database

 
201720182019
Taux d'activité total (%) 74.16%74.06%74.17%
Taux d'activité des hommes (%) 79.25%79.21%79.05%
Taux d'activité des femmes (%) 69.02%68.85%69.24%

Font: International Labour Organization, ILOSTAT database

 
Employed Persons, by Occupation (% of total labor force) 2015
Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles 16.3%
Manufacturing 12.5%
Accommodation and food service activities 8.4%
Human health and social work activities 8.1%
Public administration and defence; compulsory social security 7.4%
Education 6.6%
Construction 6.0%
Administrative and support service activities 5.2%
Professional, scientific and technical activities 5.0%
Transportation and storage 4.9%
Agriculture, forestry and fishing 4.1%
Information and communication 3.0%
Financial and insurance activities 2.5%
Arts, entertainment and recreation 2.0%
Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities 0.7%
Real estate activities 0.6%
Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply 0.5%
Mining and quarrying 0.2%
 

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Working conditions

Legal weekly duration
40 hours
Retirement age
65 or 64 years. In January 2011, a pension reform was introduced, increasing the legal retirement age from 65 to 67 over a 15-year period beginning in 2013.
Working contracts
The labor contract can be written or oral; for an indefinite period or for a defined duration, training contract, relief contract, termporary contract for work or defined assignment.
For further information, please visit the website of INEM.
To consult social laws in English
Consult Doing Business Website, to obtain a summary of the labor regulations that apply to local entreprises.

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Cost of labor

Minimum wage
In 2022, the interprofessional minimum wage in Spain was 1,000 euros per month, or 33.3 euros per day (SEPE).
Average wage
In 2020, the average annual salary was USD 37,922 (OECD).
Social contributions
Social security contributions paid by employers: As of January 2022, the employer contribution is 29.9% for general contingencies, plus a variable rate for occupational accidents (e.g. 1.5% for office work).
Social security contributions paid by employees: The general contribution rates as of January 2022 are 6.35% for employees. 

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Social partners

Bargaining power
There are about forty trade unions (general or regional) and a large number of sector-based / regional unions (gremios). Collective bargaining is widespread in both the private and public sectors. The Constitution guarantees the right to strike, and this right has been interpreted to include the right to call general strikes to protest government policy.
Unions
National Labor Union
Association of Trade Unions
Workers' Commission
Unionization rate
Union membership is low: around 10%. 50% of the working population is covered by collective bargaining agreements.
Labor regulation bodies
Department of Labor and Social welfare

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