Sud-àfrica flag Sud-àfrica: Visió econòmica i política

El marc polític de Sud-àfrica

Political outline

Current political leaders
President: Cyril RAMAPHOSA (since February 2018) – ANC ; the president is both chief of state and head of government
Executive Deputy President: David MABUZA (since February 2018) - ANC
Next election dates
Presidential: May 2024
Legislative (National Council of Provinces and National Assembly): 2024
Current Political Context
In May 2019, Cyril Ramaphosa was elected president with 57% of the votes, which allowed his party (ANC) to maintain an absolute majority. However, this score – as well as voter turnout (66%) – was the lowest in thirty years.
2021 was characterized by civil unrest, which occurred in the KwaZulu-Natal and Gauteng provinces from 9 to 18 July, as a consequence of the imprisonment of former President Jacob Zuma and of the increased economic difficulties of the population. The protests were the most violent that the country experienced since the end of Apartheid.
In the municipal elections held in November 2021, the governing African National Congress (ANC) has dipped below 50% of the vote for the first time in South Africa's democratic history. The second party was the Democratic Alliance with 19.8% of the votes, followed by the rising leftist Economic Freedom Fighters (EFF) party (10.5%).
Main political parties
  • The African National Congress (ANC): ruling party in power since the end of apartheid and Nelson Mandela's election in 1994; consistently wins at least 60% of the vote, although its popularity declined by several percentage points between 2004 and 2014; centre-left to left-wing, but allied with the far left groups, the Congress of South African Trade Unions (COSATU) and the South African Communist Party (SACP)
  • Democratic Alliance (DA): official opposition, centrist, supports liberal democracy and free market principles, progressively gaining in popularity
  • Economic Freedom Fighters (EFF): far left, Marxist, has been gaining popularity
  • Inkatha Freedom Party (IFP): conservative, right-wing, dominated by rural, Zulu-speakers based in the KwaZulu-Natal region; emphasises social justice and the role of traditional communities. The party's popularity has been consistently decreasing in recent years.
Executive Power
The President is both the chief of state and the head of the Government. The President is indirectly elected by the Parliament (lower house) to serve a five-year term. He/She is usually the leader of the largest party. The President is the also commander-in-chief of the armed forces, declares war or peace and appoints the Cabinet.
Legislative Power
South Africa has a bicameral legislature. The National Council of Provinces (the upper house) has 90 seats, with 10 members elected by each of the nine provincial legislatures for five-year terms. The National Assembly ( the lower house) has 400 seats; the members are directly elected in multi-seat constituencies by proportional representation vote to serve 5-year terms.

The executive branch of the Government is directly or indirectly dependent on the support of the Parliament, often expressed through a vote of confidence. The President can dissolve the Parliament if a majority of the members of the National Assembly seek its dissolution and if has been at least three years since the last election.

 

Indicator of freedom of the press

Définition :

Note: Press Freedom

World Rank:
32/180
 

Indicator of political freedom

Définition :

Note: Political Freedom

Ranking:
Free
Political freedom:
2/7

Political freedom in the world (interactive map)
Font: Freedom in the World Report, Freedom House

 

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