flag Xina Xina: Introducció

Capital: Beijing


Total Population (millions): 1,412,175,000
Natural Increase: -0.0%
Density: 150 Inhab./Sq. km
Urban population: 63.6%
Population of main cities: Shanghai (21,020,000); Beijing (18,431,000); Shenzhen (12,994,000); Guangzhou (Canton) (12,874,400); Tianjin (12,090,000); Chengdu (9,177,000); Wuhan (8,896,900); Chongqing (7,919,600); Dongguan (7,638,600); Hong Kong SAR (7,572,800); Foshan (7,508,800); Taipei (7,034,500); Hangzhou (6,970,000); Nanjing (6,500,000)
Ethnic Origins: According to Chinese authorities, more than 92% of the population are of Han Chinese origin, with Zhuang, Uighur, Hui, Yi, Tibetan, Miao, Mandchous, Mongol, Buyi, Korean and other ethnic origins forming about 8% of the population. (National Bureau of Statistics of China).
Official Language: The national language is Mandarin; however, there are many different dialects and variants of it.
Other languages spoken: There are more than a hundred dialects, with Mandarin in the north and Cantonese in the south of the country. The official language coexists with the other languages (Mongolian, Uyghur, Korean, Tibetan) of the autonomous regions.
Business language: When the foreign party does not speak Chinese, business discussions will generally be held in English.
Religion: The Chinese are generally atheists. That being said, Buddhism, Taoism and Confucianism are relatively widespread amongst senior citizens and attract a part of the well-to-do class today. There are also Christian and Muslim minorities.
Literacy rate: 90.9%

Local time:

It is %T:%M %A in/à Beijing

Exchange rate on :

Name of the national currency: Chinese Yuan (Renminbi) (CNY)

Country overview

Area: 9,562,910 Sq. km
Type of State: The People's Republic of China is a one-party state led by the Chinese Communist Party (CCP). China is characterized by a centralized unitary State under the exclusive political leadership of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP). The Party has full jurisdiction and authority in the country. It consists of legislative, executive, military, supervisory, judicial and procuratorial branches. The National People's Congress (NPC) is the highest state organ, with control over the constitution and basic laws, as well as over the election and supervision of officials of other government organs.
Type of economy: Second richest country in the world (GDP); emerging financial market.
Largest population in the world; highest GDP growth rate in the world over the last 10 years.
Human Development Index*: 0.727/1
Human Development Index (world rank): 90/188

Note: (*) HID is an indicator which synthesizes several data such as life expectancy, level of education, professional careers, access to culture etc.


Telephone code:
To call from Xina, dial 00
To call Xina, dial +86
Internet suffix: .cn
Computers: 4.1 per 100 inhabitants
Telephone lines: 20.6 per 100 inhabitants
Internet users: 42.3 per 100 inhabitants
Access to electricity: 100% of the population

Foreign trade in figures

Foreign trade indicators 20182019202020212022
Imports of goods (milions USD) 2,135,7482,078,3862,065,9642,686,7472,716,151
Exports of goods (milions USD) 2,486,6952,499,4572,589,9523,358,1633,593,523
Imports of services (milions USD) 525,154500,680381,088426,998465,053
Exports of services (milions USD) 271,451283,192280,629392,198424,056

Font: WTO – World Trade Organisation, Ultimes dades disponibles.


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